Phoenix az is not only the most populated city in Arizona, but is also the capital. Phoenix city is the 5th most populated city in the entire United States and it is the only state capital that is populated with more than 1 million residents. It is easy to say that the Phoenix metropolitan area is anchored by Phoenix. It is also known as the valley of the Sun which is also part of the Salt River Valley. This metropolitan area is the 11th largest according to its population in the United States
Phoenix Arizona history starts back in 1867 when it was settled as an agricultural community near both the Salt and Gila Rivers. It wasn't incorporated into a complete city until 1881. Phoenix was named the capital of the Arizona Territory later on in 1889. It is located in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert and has the hot desert climate to prove it. Despite the heat, this canal system has led the city to become a thriving farming community. With all of the original settler's crops still remaining a very important part of the economy in Phoenix for decades. Things like cattle, cotton, climate, copper, and citrus were locally known as the "Five Cs" and they were the anchors to Phoenix's economy. These were the driving forces of the entire city all the way up until after World War II. This changed because new high- tech companies started to move into the valley and they brought their air conditioning with them, which made the summers in Phoenix a little more bearable.
The city was averaging a 4% annual population growth rate over a 40 year time span. This span was from the mid to late 1960s all the way up to the mid 2000s. This amazing growth rate started to slow down during the Great Recession on '07- '09, but has slowly stated to climb back up to what it once was. Phoenix is considered the cultural center of Arizona. Before Phoenix was settled in 1867, the Hohokam people were who occupied the area. They were there for more than 2,000 years and created roughly 135 miles of irrigation canals. These made it so the desert land was arable and the paths of these canals were also used for the Central Arizona Project, the Hayden- Rhodes Aqueduct, and the Arizona Canal. The Hohokam people were also able to conduct very expensive trade with the nearby Sinagua, Ancient Puebloans, and Mogollon as well as many other distant Mesoamerican civilizations. It has been believed that periods of severe flooding and drought between 1300 and 1450 eventually led to the Hohokam civilization's abandoning the entire area.
After the Hohokam people lefts, groups of Akimel O'odham, also known as Pima, Maricopa, and Tohono O'odham tribes stated to use the area along with segments of the Apache and Yavapai. The O'odham were offshoots of the Sobaipure tribe that were thought to be direct descendants of the Hohokam people. The Akimel O'odham were one of the major groups. They were living in small villages and had very well- defined irrigation systems that spread across the Gila River Valley and from east of Florence to west of Estrellas. They also grew several different crops like beans, squash, and even corn for food along with tobacco and cotton. They teamed up with the Maricopa in order to have protection against attacks from the Apache and Yuma tribes. While yes the Maricopa were part of the larger Yuma people, they eventually migrated eastward from Colorado and the Gila Rivers in early 1880. This caused them to become one of the Yuma enemies and they settled among the Akimel O'odham communities that were already there.
During this time the Tohono O'odham were also living in this region, but they were more to the south and closer to the Mexican border. The O'odham were living in small settlements and working as seasonal farmers. This made it possible for them to take full advantage of the rainy seasons rather than having to make the large- scale irrigation systems like the Akimel. They grew things like tapery beans, sweet corn, lentils, squash, melons, and sugar cane. They also made sure to take full advantage of the native plants in the area like cholla buds, saguaro fruits, mesquite candy, and mesquite tree beans. For meat they would hunt the local game like javelina, deer, and rabbit. In 1863 the mining town of Wickenburg was established in Maricopa County just northwest of Phoenix.
815 N 52nd St Unit 2447,
Phoenix, AZ 85008